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Peace be on Hussain, and on Ali son of Hussain, and on the children of Hussain, and on the friends of Hussain.
 Folders \ Blessed Adha 

Blessed Adha  Eid in language 
Eid: every day where a gathering was organized. It was derived from (‘Ada-returned-) as if they returned back to do it again. Some said it was derived from (Al’adda: the habit). Ibn E’rabi stated,” It was called Eid-recurring- because it is recurring every year with a new happiness (1)”

 Eid in the Quran 
The word (‘Eid) was reported once in the holy Quran, at the end of Surat Maeda. The Almighty said,” Isa the son of Marium said: O Allah, our Lord! send i down to us food from heaven which should be to us -eid- an ever-recurring happiness, to the first of us and to the last of us, and a sign from Thee, and grant us means of subsistence, and Thou art the best of the Providers.”(5:114)

 Eid in the narration of Ahlulbayt PBUT
The narrated texts of the Infallibles AS gave special importance top Eid, in order to show the importance of the real meaning of Eid and its contents which covered spiritual, political, moral, and devotional.
The Holy Prophet SAWA said,” when I came to Medina, they have two days for festival, which were joys of carnivals - during the time of. Allah has given you better than these- the day of Al-Fitr and the day of Al-Adha (2)”
Suwaid bin Ghaflah said: "I entered on the commander of the faithful (SAWA) on the day of Eid. I saw him eating very simple food!" Suwaid was astonished because it was Eid day. Then the commander of the faithful (SAWA) said to him: " This is the Eid for the forgiven once! (3)"
Imam Ali said about some Eids,” it is the Eid of whose Allah accepted his fasting, and thanked his worshipping. Every day when we do not disobey Allah is a day of Eid (4)”
Imam Ja’far Al-Sadiq AS said,” My father AS told me, that Ali AS said,” I heard the prophet SAWA lecturing people in the day of Adha and was saying,” O people it’s the day of Thaj and ‘Ajj. Thaj is when you sacrifice the blood-Animals-, he whose intention was truthful will be forgiven by the first drop. ‘Ajj is supplication on that that day, therefore supplicate to the Almighty Allah. By He whose my soul in His hand, no one leave this place (Arafa) unless he is forgiven, but the one who did great sin, insisting on it, and he never tell himself to leave it (5)”

 Imam Hassan and Hussain AS in the Eid 
Sheikh Al-Mufeed stated in his book Al Amali: Imam Reza AS said,” Hassan and Hussain AS became with no clothes on the time of Eid. They said to their mother, Fatima AS ,” Dear mother, tomorrow is the day of Eid and surely all the children of Medina will wear new clothes, but , we have nothing to wear AS you could see...?. The Holy mother of the young Imams said: “O my eyes delight, your clothes are with the tailor, when he will finish and bring them I will cloth you with them on the day of Eid” She said that inorder to calm the children.
On the night of Eid they asked their mother again and said,” O mother tonight is the night of Eid” She cried peace be up on her and said to them,” O my eyes delight, calm down! If the tailor come I will dress you with clothes if god willing”
Imam Reza AS said,” After a time of the night passed away, and it was the night of Eid, the door was knocked. Fatima AS said,” Who is it?” A man replied,” O daughter of messenger of Allah, open the door, I am the tailor, I brought the clothes of Hassan and Hussain AS”
She raised up and opened the door. There was a man with great prestigious and beautiful perfumes. He gave her a wrapped up kerchief, and left. Then Fatima AS entered, and opened the kerchief. It contained two shirts, garments, pink trousers, turbans, and sandals. Fatima was very happy with them.
When Hassan and Hussain AS wake up, she dressed and adorned them with best ornaments. Later, the prophet SAWA entered on them on the day of Eid while they were dressed. He SAWA kissed and congratulated them for Eid feast, then he carried them on his shoulders, and walked towards their mother. He SAWA said,” O Fatima, Have you seen the tailor who gave you clothes?” she said,” No, by Allah I do not know him, also I did not know that I have clothes with the tailor, only Allah and his messenger knows about it” he SAWA said,” O Fatima, he was not a tailor, but he was Rizwan, the commanded on the treasures of heaven. The clothes were from heaven, as Gabriel told me from the God of the worlds(6)”

 Eid and morals 
Ibn Abi Rafe’ has narrated thus: "I was the administrator of the public treasury during the period of the caliphate of Ali and was also his scribe. The property received from Basra for the public treasury included a pearl necklace. The daughter of Ali sent word to me saying: "I understand that there is a pearl necklace in the public treasury which is controlled by you. Send that necklace to me on loan so that I may wear it on Eid al-Adha day. Thereafter I shall return it".
I sent the necklace to her on the conditions that she would be responsible if it was lost or damaged, and that she would return it within three days. She accepted these conditions.
By chance the eyes of the Commander of the Faithful fell on the necklace and he recognized it. He asked his daughter as to where she had obtained it from. She replied: "I have taken it on loan from Ibn Abi Rafe’ the in charge of the public treasury to wear it on Eid al-Adha day and have promised to return it to him within three days".
The Commander of the Faithful summoned me and said; "Do you consider it lawful to commit breach of trust with the Muslims"? I replied: "May God forbid that I may commit treachery with the Muslims". Thereupon he said: "Then why did you lend such and such necklace to my daughter without obtaining my permission and without the concurrence of the Muslims"?
I replied: "O Commander of the Faithful! She is your daughter. She borrowed it to adorn herself and guaranteed its safe return so that 1 might restore it to its proper place". Ali AS said: "Take it back today and do not do so in future otherwise I shall punish you".
When Ali’s daughter came to know about it she said to him: "O father! I am your dear daughter. Who else is more entitled to wear this necklace"?
Ali replied: "O daughter of Abu Talib! Don’t deviate from the right path. Can you tell me how many Muhajir and Ansar women adorn themselves with such necklaces"?
Eventually I took back the necklace from the daughter of the Commander of the Faithful and restored it to its proper place.
Note: Imam Ali AS has got 34 child. 15 male, and 19 female, therefore the reader should not think that the daughter of Ali was the Intelligent Zainab AS, because she was a scholar without teaching, and knowledge without studying, as stated in the tradition of Imam Zainul Abedeen AS (7).

 The reward of visiting Imam Hussain AS in Eid 
Visiting Imam Hussain AS has got great virtues, which we cannot state all of them. Many traditions stated that it is equal to Hajj, Umrh, and Jihad, rather it is much greater.
It guarantees forgiveness, eases the judgment, increases the levels, guarantees supplications answers, allow to live longer, protection of selves and properties, fulfillment of needs, reliefs concerns and disasters.
Ignoring ziyarat-visiting the holy shrines- will cause reduction in the faith, and it is an ignorance towards one of the great rights of Messenger of Allah SAWA on us.
The minimum reward of the visitor is forgiveness, and the protection of Allah to his safety and properties until he returns home.
Uncounted tradition stating above, we will mention some of them next.

AI-Hussain b Abu Sayyar Almadaeni narrated from Ya’qob b. Yazeed narrated, Ibn Abu Omair, narrated from Abdul Rahman b Alhajaj said, Imam Al-Sadiq AS said: Allah will forgive all the past and future sins of one who performs the Ziyarat of Imam Hussain AS on one of the three eves.
I asked, “May I be sacrificed on you, what are the three eves?”
Imam AS replied, “Eve of Eidul fitr, eve of Eidul Adha and eve of fifteenth Shaban.”

Sa’ad b Abdullah, narrated, Aby Omaira, Narrated Muawiyah Ibne Wahab says:- "I asked permission to meet Imam Sadiq AS. When I entered, I found him on his prayer mat in his house praying. I waited until he finished his prayers and then I heard him recite the following supplication (in prostration):

 Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad Al-Sadiq (A.S.) prayed: 
“O Allah! O one who has chosen us for honor, promised us right of intercession, chosen us as successors, gave us the knowledge of the past and that which is to come and made the hearts of people inclined for us! Forgive me and my brothers who perform the Ziyarat of my grandfather, Imam Husain AS and those who spend their wealth to travel, put their bodies to trouble seeking our pleasure in hope of the reward You have kept for associating with us.
They perform the Ziyarat of Imam Husain AS to make Your Prophet happy, to obey our commands and to antagonize our enemies. By this, they want to please You, so reward them on our behalf by Rizwan, protect them day and night, compensate their families and children whom they left behind in the best way and befriend them, keep them away from the harm of every insolent tyrant and every weak or strong one from Your creation, keep them away from the evil of every devil from among men and Jinn, grant them the best of that which they have requested while they are away from their homes for having preferred us over their families, children and relatives. O Allah! Our enemies have criticized them for going to our Ziyarat but that did not restrain them from coming to us and they went against our opponents. So have mercy on faces changed by the sun in our love. Have mercy on faces which were kept on the grave of Imam Husain AS. Have mercy on those eyes which shed tears on us with sympathy. Have mercy on those hearts which have become restless and distressed for us and have mercy on their lamentations for us. O Allah! I entrust these bodies and souls to you till the day of great thirst when you will quench their thirst with Hauz Kawthar"
Muawiyah Ibne Wahab continued: Imam AS continued this supplication in prostration. When he finished, I said: “May I be sacrificed on you! I think that if this supplication is in favor of even those who don’t know Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, I think that Hellfire will not touch them! By Allah, I wish I had gone to the Ziyarat of Imam Hussain AS, instead of going to Hajj.”
Imam AS said, “You live so close. What prevents you from his Ziyarat? O Muawiyah! Don’t forsake it?”
I replied, “May I be sacrificed on you! I did not think that it was so important and it had such great rewards.”
Imam AS said, “Muawiyah! Those who pray for the visitors of Imam Husain AS in the heavens are more than those who pray for them on earth.”
Imam Sadiq AS said: “Muawiyah! Don’t forsake the Ziyarat of Imam Husain AS because of fear. Because he that abandons the Ziyarat of Imam Husain AS will regret it so much that he will wish his grave was besides him. Do you like Allah to see you among those for whom Allah’s Messenger, Ali, Fatima the Imams AS pray?
Do you like to be of those who shake hands with angels?
Do you like to be of those who will not have any sins about which they will be questioned when they leave this life?
Do you like to be of those whose hands Allah’s Messenger SAWA will shake tomorrow?”(8)

 The method of Ziyarat Imam Hussain AS in Eid 
Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Adam the choice of Allah. Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Noah the trustee of Allah. Peace be upon you O inheritor of Abraham the Friend of Allah. Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Moses the spoken by Allah. Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Jesus the spirit of Allah. Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Muhammad, blessings of Allah be upon him and his Household, the most-beloved of Allah. Peace be upon you, O inheritor of `Ali the Argument of Allah. Peace be upon you, O obedient and pious successor. Peace be upon you, O vengeance of Allah, son of His vengeance, and the unavenged so far.
I bear witness that you performed the prayers, defrayed the poor-rate, enjoined the right, forbade the evil, and strove for the sake of Allah as exactly as strife must be until your inviolability was violated and you were slain wrongfully.
You may then stop at the side of the Imam’s head with submissive heart and teary eyes and say the following words:
Peace be upon you, O Abu-`Abdullah. Peace be upon you, O son of Allah’s Messenger. Peace be upon you, O son of the chief of the prophets’ successors. Peace be upon you, O son of Fatimah the luminous lady and the doyenne of the women of the worlds. Peace be upon you, O hero of Muslims.
O my master, I bear witness that You were light in the lofty loin and purified wombs. The ignorance could not stain you with its impurities or dress you its gloomy garbs. I also bear witness that you are one of the pillars of the religion, the supports of Muslims, and the havens of the faithful believers. I also bear witness that you are the God-fearing, pious, pleased, pure, guide, and well-guided Imam. I also bear witness that the Imams from your progeny are the spokesmen of piety, the signs of guidance, the firmest handle (of Islam), and the arguments against the inhabitants of this world.

 References: 
1. Lesan Alarab by Ibn Mandoor: V3, Page 319
2. Mezan Alhekma by Alreshahrei: V3, Page 2196
3. as above
4. rawdat Alwaedeen by Alnesabori: 354
5. Alnwader by fadlulah Alrawendi: Page 198
6. Madinatul Ma’ajez by Hesham Albahrani: V3, Page 323-324
7. Bihar Alanwar by Alamah Almajlesi: V40, page 337-338
8. Almazar by Mohamed b Almashhadi: Page 348


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