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Peace be on Hussain, and on Ali son of Hussain, and on the children of Hussain, and on the friends of Hussain.
 Folders \ What do you know about the night and the day of ‘Arafat? 

What do you know about the night and the day of ‘Arafat?  Why was ‘Araffat called ’Araffat? 
Sheikh Al-Sadoq narrated, Moaweiah b. ‘Amar said,” I asked Abu Abdullah AS about ‘Arafat, why was it called ‘Arafat?”
He AS said,” Gabriel AS went with Ibrahim AS on the day of ‘Arafat, and when the sun has been receded-Midday prayers time- Gabriel said,” O Ibrahim -(E’taref: confess)- confess your sin, and learn your rituals. Then it was called ‘Arafat for the words of Gabriel AS; confess! and he confessed”(1)
Ibn Manthor in Lessan Alarab stated,” Arafah and Arafat: a place in Mecca, well known…”
Some said,” it was called Arafat because people meeting there. And some said it was called Arafa because Gabriel swaged with Ibrahim and was showing him the scenes and saying to him,” A’araft? A’araft?- Did you learn?” then Ibrahim answers,” ‘Araft, ‘Araft- I learned I learned!”
Some said: Because Adam AS when he was descended from heaven, and he missed Hawa a lot, then he met her in that location, he ‘Arafaha- recognized her- and she ‘Arafatho- recognized him.(2)

 The mores of the spatial and temporal excellencies 
The mores of excellencies is one of the divine mores which He SWT created for his creatures. The Almighty said,” We have made some of these messengers to excel the others among them” (2:253)
As Allah the Almighty made the excellencies between His messengers whom they since he chose them and preferred them than the rest of His servants as he made excellence, and he excelled the others among them. Therefore: we can understand the method of excelling was also being done in time and place-spatial and temporal. For example some of the times were preferred over other times. Allah the Almighty said,” And laud Allah during the numbered days” (2:203).
Ramadan was excellence- preferred- over other months, and the Qadr night was preferred over other nights. Also the excellence of Mecca is ‘Arafat, Karbala is Alhaer Alhussaini- the area around the holy grave of imam Hussain AS-.

 The wisdom behind specializing ‘Arafat time for Du’a  
Messenger of Allah SAWA said,” He who prayed to his brother secretly. Allah orders for him four angels saying,” O Allah give him the same of what he asked for his brother”
Ali b. Tawos in Falah Alsael, Narrated to Sheikh Abu Ahmed Altl’aKbi, said Mohamed b. Mohamed b. Mohamed Alhasani, Mohamed b. Ahmed Alsafwani, said,” Our father told us, His father said His grandfather said, Safwan said, Abdullah b. Senan, said,” I came cross Abdullah b. Jundob, and I saw him standing on Safa. He was an old man, I saw him praying and saying in his du’a,” O Allah that man son of that man, so and so and so, that I could not count them. then when he greeted –finished- I said to him,” O Abdullah, I have not seen better attitude than yours, but I did not like one thing” he said,” what did not you like?” I said to him,” you are praying for a lot of your brothers, but I did not hear you praying for yourself!”.
He said to me,”O Abdullah!, I heard our Imam Al-Sadiq AS saying,’ He who pray for his faithful brother secretly, will be called from heaven,’ You! Will get what you asked for your brother, and you will get hundred thousand times what he gets’. I do not want to waste the guaranteed hundred thousands time with one du’a which I do not know if it was accepted or not”

Sheikh Almufeed in Al-Ekhtesas narrated from Ahmed b. Mohamed b. Alqasim Alkufi, narrated from Ali b. Mohamed n. Ya’qob, from Ali b Alhasan b. Faddal, narrated from Ali b. Asbat, narrated from Ibrahim b. Abu Albelad or Abdullah b. Jundob, Narrated from Ibrahim b. Sho’aib in a tradition, that he said,” I heard Abu Abdullah Al-Sadiq AS saying,’ He who prayed to his brother secretly, Allah will send him an angel saying,” and you will get the same”
Zaid Alnersi in Asl: Mo’aweiah b. Wahab, narrated from Ja’far b. Mohamed AS in a tradition, he said,” he who prays for his brother secretly, an angel calls him from the sky,” O servant of Allah, you will get hundred thousand times what you asked for, and an angel will call him from the second sky,” O servant of Allah you will get hundred thousand times what you prayed for, and he will be called from every sky and they are being doubled until he arrive the seventh sky, then an angel will call him,” O servant of Allah you will get seven hundred times what you prayed from, after that Allah will call him,” O my servant, I am Allah the Ample-giving, and Generous, whose safes never finish, nor My mercy being reduced, but My mercy felled everything, you will get million times what you asked for” (3)

 The virtue of the night of ‘Arafat between Mecca and Karbala 
As Allah honored a special time as the night of Qadr, as He SWT honored the night of 9th of Thu-Alhujja and the day. But the differences between the night of Qadr and the night of ‘Araffat is that the night of Qadr despite it is better than a thousand month , and “Peace! it is till the break of the morning.” But it was not constrained with a special location.
A man can revive the night of Qadr At his house to be rewarded, and can do it in the mosque which was built in his city. Also he could revive it in Mecca, Medina, and Karbala, to get the grace of the time and the location.
The night of ‘Araffat and its day ,the time is coupled with the location, its date is the 9th of Thu Alhujja and the location is a mountain in Mecca, but the Muslim who cannot get the grace of the location, would he leave the grace of time and its virtue? Would he leave it for inattention and neglecting to get closer to Allah? Or should he go to the mosques and supplicate to Allah during the blessed time, or he could go t visit the heaven of the basil of Messenger of Allah, and the Chief of youth of heaven AS?
How could a Muslim to avoid being wishful to attend near the Master of martyrs, while he recognize the Imams of Guidance AS telling him what was narrated by Sheikh Al-Sadoq in the book (Alamali), narrated that Bashir b. Dahhan said to Imam Sadiq AS, “Something I miss the Hajj, so I spend Arafah Day at the tomb of Imam Hussain AS”
Imam AS said,” You have done a nice thing. The Almighty Allah will write twenty accepted Hajjs, twenty accepted Umrahs and reward of fighting twenty battles with a divine messenger or a Just Imam, for any believer who performs the Ziyarat of Imam Hussain with recognition of his rights on any day other than an Eid. Allah will record a hundred Hajjs and a hundred Umrahs and the reward of fighting a hundred battles against enemies of Allah with a divine messenger or a just Imam for one who performs the Ziyarat of Imam Hussain AS on any Eid Day.
And for one who performs the Ziyarat of Imam Hussain AS on Arafah Day, with recognition of his rights. Allah will record a thousand accepted Hajjs and a thousand accepted Umrahs and reward of fighting a thousand battles against enemies of Allah with a divine messenger or a just Imam. (4)

 Some of the rituals of the day of ‘Araffat at the shrine of Imam Hussain AS 
 1.  Bathing
 2.  Ziyarat-visiting- Imam Hussain AS. It is equal to thousand Hajjs w, thousand Umrahs, thousand Jihad, and more. Traditions which stating the virtues of visiting him AS in this day are motawater-frequent-. Also the one who succeeded to visit him AS and attending under the under his holy tomb, is not less rewarded than the one who attended ‘Arafat but greater!.
 3.  to pray after the obligatorily Asr, and before starting the supplications of ‘Arafah, two rak'ahs under the sky-open area-, admits sins to Allah the Almighty, to win the rewards of ‘Arafah and his sins will be forgiven. Then he start the rituals of ‘Araffat, and the known supplications of the Imams AS.
Alkaf’ami in Almesbah said,” it is recommended to fast the day of ‘Arafah to those who would not be weak to do the supplications, bathing before zawal-Midday prayers-, visiting Imam Hussain AS during the day of Arafah and the night.
if the sun became on midday prayers time, then become under the sky, pray Thohrain- thohr and Asr- look after their Bowings and prostrating. When you finish, pray two rek’ahs, in the first one after Alhamd, read Altawheed, in the second one after Alhamd read (O unbelievers!). after that pray another four rek’ahs, in each one read Alhamd and Altawheed fifty times”

 Method 
The method of visiting Imam Hussain AS tomb on the `Arafat Day, according to the words of master scholars and chiefs of our sect and faith, is as follows:
If you intend to visit Imam Hussain (on the `Arafat Day), you may bathe yourself using water from the River Euphrates if possible and any other possibly obtained water. You may then put on the purest (and cleanest) of your clothes and walk towards the holy shrine with tranquility and solemnity. When you reach the gate of the holy shrine, you may profess Almighty Allah’s most greatness and say:

Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Adam, the chosen one of Allah.Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Nuh, the Prophet of Allah. Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Ibrahim, the friend of Allah. Peace be upon you. O inheritor of Musa, the one who talked to Allah.Peace be upon you, O inheritor of 'Isa, the spirit of Allah. Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Muhammad, the beloved friend of Allah.Peace be upon you, O inheritor of Ali, the commander of the faithful and the friend of Allah. Peace be upon you, O son of the Muhammad Mustafaa.Peace be upon you, O son of Ali Murtazaa. Peace be upon you, O son of Fatema, Peace be upon you, O son of Khadijatul- kubra. Peace be upon you, O he who fought in the way of Allah and the son of one who fought in the way of Allah.

I bear witness that verily you established the prayers And gave the zakat (prescribed share) to the needy and commanded to do what is right and lawful And not to do that which is wrong and unlawful and obeyed Allah and His Messenger until the inevitable came unto you. So, Allah curse those who killed you And Allah curse those who wronged you, And Allah curse those who heard the event and rested satisfied, O My Master, O Aboo ′Abdullah! I bear witness that verily you were a light in the sublime loins and purified wombs. The impurities of ignorance did not even touch you, nor could its soiled and dirty bearing ever smear you I bear witness that, verily, you are the mainstay of the religion, and the supporter of the faithful ones. I bear witness that, verily, you are a pious, God-fearing, favorite, wise And rightly guided (Imam). I bear witness that the Imams, in your progeny, are the words of piety and the signs of guidance And the safe handle of Islam, And the decisive argument for the humankind.
I call Allah to give witness, and also His Angels And His Prophets and His Messenger that, verily, I believe in (all of) you And that I am sure of your Return Joined to the divine laws of my belief and my accomplishments and my heart is resigned to yours And my conduct is following the example of yours. Blessings of Allah be on (all of) you and on your souls And on your bodies and on your forms and (when) you are in view and (when) you are out of sight and on your style and on your substance.

My father and mother be sacrificed for you, O son of the Messenger of Allah! My father and mother be sacrificed for you, O Aba Abdullah! Verily terrible was the calamity and your suffering casts gloom upon us and upon all the people of the heavens and the earth. Therefore, curse of Allah be on the people who saddled up and gave rein to their horses and prepared to kill you.

O my Master, O Aba ′Abdullah! I moved towards your sacred shrine and came to visit you, I beseech Allah by the status that you enjoy with Him. And in the position that you enjoy with Him to send blessings on Muhammad and on the children of Muhammad and keep me with you in this world and in the Hereafter. Peace be upon you, O son of the Messenger of Allah.

Then kiss the shrine and should stand up for offering a two-Rak'at prayer next to the place of the Imam's head. In this prayer, you can recite any Quranic chapter you like. When you finish, you should recite:

O Allah, I have offered a prayer, genuflected, and prostrated myself for sake of You purely particularly, since You have no associate and since none at all is worth of prayer, genuflection, and prostration except You. O Allah, send blessings on Muhammad and the children of Muhammad, and send them my best greetings and compliment, and send their replies to me. O Allah, accept this prayer that I have offered as present from me to my master al-Hussain ibn 'Ali, peace be upon both of them. O Allah, send blessings on Muhammad and on him (al-Hussain) and accept my effort and reward me for it in the best rewarding that I anticipate and hope from You and from Your saint. You are surely the Guardian of the faithful ones.

Then, move to the place of the Imam's legs, stop at the place of the head of 'Ali ibn al-Hussain, peace be upon them, and recite:

Peace be upon you, O son of the Prophet of Allah. Peace be upon you, O son of Ameer al-Mu’mineen (the commander of the believers). Peace be upon you, O son of al-Hussain the shaheed (martyr). Peace be upon you, O shaheed. Peace be upon you, O the oppressed one and son of the oppressed one. Curse of Allah be on those who killed you. Curse of Allah be on those who persecuted you. Curse of Allah be on those who heard this even but rested satisfied. Peace be upon you, O the saint of Allah and son of the saint of Allah. Verily terrible was the calamity and your suffering casts gloom upon us And upon all of Muslims. So, curse of Allah be on those who killed you And I disconnect all links with them and turn to Allah and you.

Then go to the martyrs and visit them:

Peace be upon all of you, O the saints and dears of Allah. eace be upon all of you, O the adorers of Allah and the sincerely attached to Him. Peace be upon all of you, O the helpers of Allah’s religion. Peace be upon all of you, O the helpers of the Messenger of Allah. Peace be upon all of you, O the helpers of Ameer al-Mu’mineen. Peace be upon all of you, O the helpers of Fatimah the chiefess of the women of this world. Peace be upon all of you, O the helpers of Abi Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Ali The sincere, pure and faithful saint. Peace be upon all of you, O the helpers of Abu Abdullah. My father and mother be sacrificed for you Verily, you were pure; therefore, the land wherein you are buried has been purified, You also attained your end and won great fortune, Would that we were with you, So that we could also share the accomplishment with you in heaven. Indeed they are the best companions. And Peace be upon all of you and mercy and blessed of Allah.

-You may then return to the side of Imam Hussain’s head and pray as frequently as possible for yourself, your family members, and your brethren-in-faith.
You may then walk to the shrine of Al-Abbas may Allah be pleased with him. When you reach there, you may stop at the tomb and say the following words:
Peace be on you, O Abdul Fazl, Al-Abbas, son of the commander of the faithful. Peace be on you, O the son of the leader of the vicegerent. Peace be on you, O the son of the first to believe in Islam and foremost in faith, and the most firm in the religion of Allah and the greatest protector of Islam. I bear witness that you advised sincerely in the way of Allah and His Apostle and your brother. You were the best brother in beneficence. Then may Allah curse the people who killed you and may Allah curse the people who oppressed you. And may Allah curse the people who considered the prohibited concerning you as lawful thus violating the sanctity of Islam. Then you even the best patient, fighter, aid, helper and the defending brother for his brother and the responder to the obedience of his Lord and desirous towards what others abstain from the abundant rewards and desirous towards what others abstain from the abundant rewards and beautiful praises and may Allah enjoin you with the grade of your forefathers in the Gardens of bliss. Surely He is the Praiseworthy, the Majestic…
Then throw yourself on the holy grave and say:
O Allah! I have presented myself for the visitation of Your representative, yearning for Your reward and hoping for You forgiveness and the abundance of Your favours. Then I beseech You that You bless Mohammad and his infallible progeny and for their sake augment my sustenance and settle my life and accept my visitation and forgive my sins and turn me back as a successful, salvaged, my prayers being accepted, better that the return of anyone from his visitors and those who intend (to visit) him By Your Mercy, O the Most Merciful

 References: 
1. ‘Elal Alshrae’ ,by sheikh Alsadooq: V2, Page 436, section 173
2. Lesan Al’arab by ibn Mandoor: V9, Page 242
3. Mostadrak Alwasael, by Almerza Alnawawei: V5, Page 244-246
4. Alamali by Sheikh Alsadoq: Page 206-207


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