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Peace be on Hussain, and on Ali son of Hussain, and on the children of Hussain, and on the friends of Hussain.
 Folders \ What do you know about Imamate? 

What do you know about Imamate? {وَإِذِ ابْتَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَبُّهُ بِكَلِمَاتٍ فَأَتَمَّهُنَّ قَالَ إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَاماً قَالَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي قَالَ لاَ يَنَالُ عَهْدِي الظَّالِمِينَ }
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
“And when his Lord tried Ibrahim with certain words, he fulfilled them. He said: Surely I will make you an Imam of men. Ibrahim said: And of my offspring? My covenant does not include the unjust, said He. (2:124)” (1)

 The meaning of Imamate 
Imamate in Arabic means someone take the lead of other people, to follow him and to emulate him, whither in special conditions as prayers, or in general conditions as the infallible imams.

 The period of need to the imam 
The evidences which were narrated from the Householders- Ahlulbayt AS- shows that the need to the imamate linked to the need of people to an Imam. Therefore it does not end until the end of the world. In every age and era, Allah SWT putted an imam to correct the path of people when they are being mislead, and guide them when they are lost.
Some example of these narrated traditions:
The prophet Mohammed SAWA said, “Whosoever dies without recognizing the Imam of his time dies the death of the ignorance (Jahiliyyah)” (2)
Imam al-Sadiq AS said,” If earth was with no Imam, it would be eclipsed” (3)
He AS also said,” If there was only tow on earth, then one of them must be the imam” (4)
Imam al-Baqir AS said, “ if the imam left earth for one earth, then earth will be waved with people, as the sea waving with its creatures” (5)
He AS also said when he described imams, “ Allah the Almighty made them the corners of earth, lest it might be convulsed with you, and the pillars of Islam, and the connecter to the path of guidance” (6)
Imam al-Sadiq AS, “ That Earth could not be unless there is a Hujja (proof). People cannot be reformed without that, and Earth cannot be reformed without that” (7)

 Knowing Imam 
Imam Ali as said, “ You should obey the one who you would not be pardoned for not knowing him” (8)
Imam Hussain said when someone was asked about knowing Allah,” It is the knowledge of people of every age about their Imam, who they should obey”(9)
Imam al-Sadiq AS when explained the Quranic verse, {and whoever is granted wisdom…} he said, “ Obeying Allah and knowing the Imam” (10)
Imam al-Baqir AS about the Quranic verses { Is he who was dead then We raised him to life and made for him a light by which he walks among the people,} he said, “ A dead does not know anything..and the (light) means Imam who he follows” (11)
He AS also said, “ We are a folk who Allah ordered to obey us, and you are being entrusted with what people will not pardoned to ignore it” (12)

 The signs of the Imam 
Al-Hassan ibn Fadhdal, on the authority of his father, on the authority of Ali ibn Musa Al-Reza (AS), “There are certain signs designating the Imam. He is the most knowledgeable, the wisest, the most pious, the most patient, the bravest, the most generous, and the person who worships the most among the people. He was born circumcised. He is pure and clean. He sees the back as well he sees the front. He has no shadow. When he falls out of his mother's uterus onto the ground, he falls onto the palms of his hands and loudly declares the two testimonial declarations (that there is no god but God, and that Muhammad is God’s Messenger). He has no nocturnal pollution. His eyes go to sleep, but his heart will not go to sleep. He is inspired. The armor of God's Prophet (SAWA) fits him. His urine and feces cannot be seen since the Almighty God has appointed the earth to swallow whatever he excretes. He smells better than they themselves do. He is kinder to the people than their parents are. He is the humblest of all people to the Almighty God. He acts upon what he advises the people to do more than anyone else. He abstains from what he admonishes the people against. His prayers are accepted such that if he wishes a rock to be divided into two parts, it will. He has the weapon of the Prophet of God (AS). He has his sword - the 'Thul-Faqar. He has a list of the names of his followers upon the Resurrection Day. He has a list of the names of his enemies until the Resurrection Day. He possesses Al-Jame’a - that is a nearly thirty-five meter long text which encompasses all of the needs of the human beings. He also possesses the al-Jafr al-Akbar and al-Jafr al-Asqar that are a goat-skin (book) and a ram-skin (book) which include all knowledge - even the punishments of a scratch, or one or a half or a third of a crack of a whip are recorded in it. He also possesses the Blessed Lady Fatima’s (AS) Mushaf (book). (13)

 The Imamate is the perfection of the religion  
The Almighty Allah SWT stated in the Holy book, which was sent to out prophet Mohamed SAWA, that imamate is the completion of the religion, as the Almighty said,
{This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.} (5:3) (14)
Abu Huraira narrated, “On the day of Ghadeer-khum- the 18th of Thu Alhuja- the Prophet SAWA said, “For whoever I am his Leader (mawla), 'Ali is his Leader (mawla)." Then Allah sent, {This day I have perfected for you your religion…} (15)
Imam al-Reza AS, “During the Farewell Pilgrimage, which was the last days of the Holy Prophet's SAWA lifetime, Allah revealed to him: On this day I have perfected your religion, completed My favors to you, and have chosen Islam as your religion. (Holy Qur'an 5:3). The imamate is a part of the perfection of the religion.” (16)
Imam al-Baqir AS, “ obligations were coming one by one, and Alwelaya -the loyalty- was the last obligation. Then Allah sent {This day I have perfected for you your religion…}, Allah the almighty stating, “ I will not send anything after this obligation, I completed the obligations for you” (17)

 Imamate is the origin of Islam  
The narrated traditions of AhlulBayt AS indicate that imamate is a main pillar among the pillars of Islam. Here are some evidences:
Hassan b. Mahbib narrated, Abu Hamza Althomali said, Abu Ja’far Mohammed b. Ali AS said, “ Islam was built on five pillars: Performing prayers, Giving Zaka, Fasting the month of Ramadan, Hajj to the house, and al-Welayah (Loyalty) to us AhlulBayt) (18)
Imam Al-Reza AS said, ”Verily Imamate is the growing root of Islam and its elevated sublime branch” (19)
Imam al-Baqir AS,” Islam has been built on five (pillars): the prayers, zakat (alms), fasting, the hajj, Welayah-and accepting the leadership (of AhlulBayt)-. He did not proclaim a thing more than he proclaimed the leadership (of AhlulBayt). (20)”
He AS also said, “Islam was built on five things: Performing prayers, Giving Zaka, Fasting the month of Ramadan, Hajj to the house, and al-Welayah (Loyalty)”. Zorarah said, “ which is the best one of these?” he said AS: “ Al-Welayah is the best because it is the key for them, and Al-Wali (the leader) is the guide to them (21)”

 Imamate is the root of every benevolence 
In one of the narration Imam al-Kadhim AS when he was asked about the Almighty verse {Say: My Lord has only prohibited indecencies, those of them that are apparent as well as those that are concealed} (7:33) (22) He AS said,” Quran has an apparent face, and a concealed face. Everything Allah has forbidden in Quran is the apparent, and the concealed part of that is the imams of tyranny. Also, everything Allah has allowed (made it halal) in the book is the apparent, and the concealed part of that is the rightful imams (23)”
Imam al-Sadiq AS said,” We are the origin of every benevolence, and from our branches is every righteousness, and among the righteousness: monotheism, prayers, fasting, swallowing anger, forgiving the offender, guarantying the neighbor, and recognition of favor to who do a favor.
our enemies are the origin of every evil, and from their branches is every hideous, and sin, and among them: laying, parsimony, gossip, rupture of relations, take usury, taking the money of orphans unjustly, crossing the limits of the orders of Allah, doing immoral actions apparent and hidden once, adultery, stealing, and everything odious matches that. He is a layer who says that he is with us while he is connected with the branches of others (24)”

 Imamate is the regulation of Uma -the nation-  
Messenger of Allah SAWA said, “ Listen and obey, to the one whose Allah putted him on charge, because it is the law of Islam (25)”
Imam Ali AS said, “ The statues of the charged person, as the statues of the thread to the beads. It gathers and holds the beads, but if the thread was cut then the beads will be divided and lost. Then they will not be together again(26)”
Imam Ali AS also said,” the Imamate is the regulation of the nation (28)”
Imam al-Reza AS said,” the Imamate is the rein of the religion, the regulation of Muslims, reforming of life, and dignity of Muslims(29)”

 Imamate is the path of Allah 
The Almighty said, ”Say: I do not ask of you any reward for it but love for my near relatives; (42:23)“ (30)
The Almight also said,” Say: Whatever reward I have asked of you, that is only for yourselves; (34:47) (31)
The Almighty said, “Say: I do not ask you aught in return except that he who will, may take the way to his Lord. (25:57)” (32)
The messenger of Allah SAWA said, “ By whom who sent me as a prophet! If a man faced Allah with the work of seventy prophets, and did not face him with accepting the lead of the guardians, among us AhlulBayt, Allah will not accept from him any act or equity (33) “
The messenger of Allah SAWA, “ Hold tight our love AhlulBayt AS.. By Whom who the soul of Mohammed on His hand, the deeds of the servant is useless unless he knows us (34)”
The messenger of Allah SAWA said” by Allah, if a man arranged his legs for prayers between Rokn and Maqam (special blessed area in the mosque of Medina), then faced Allah with the hate of you-AhlulBayt- he will surly go to hell (35)”
The messenger of Allah SAWA also said, “ Loving us Ahlulbayt is the law of the religion (36)”
Imam al-Baqir AS, or Imam al-sadiq AS said, “ We are Ahlulbayt, Allah does not accept a deed of a servant while he has suspicion about us (37)”
Imam al-Sadiq AS,” Allah will not accept the good deeds from the servants, if they followed an unjust Imam who is not from the Almighty Allah (38)”
Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s) said, “Therefore they are the (only) means to (approach) Thee, the (only) medium to get Thy favours. (39)”

 Imamate is the light 
Imam al-Baqir AS explained the Almighty words, “Therefore believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Light which We have revealed; (64:8)” (40)
Imam (AS) said, "It denotes us, the Imams. By Allah, only we are the light of Allah that have descended from Him and only we are the light of Allah in the heavens and the earth. By Allah, the light of the Imam in the heart of the believers, is brighter than the shinning sun during day time (41)”
Imam al-Kathem AS said, “ imamate is the Light, and that was when the Almighty said (Therefore believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Light which We have revealed; ). He AS said: the Light is the Imam (42)”

 References:  
(1) Quran; Surat Albaqara, Verse No. 124- (2:124)
(2) Bihar Alanwar by Almajlesi: V32, Page 331
(3) ALkafi by Alkulaini: V1, Page 179
(4) ALkafi by Alkulaini: V1, Page 18
(5) Kamoul-deen wa Tmamo-Ne’ma by Alsadoq: Page 203
(6) Alkafi: V1, Page 198
(7) Bihar Alanwar: V23, Page 51
(9) Nahjul Balagha: V4, Page 40
(10) Bihar Alanwar: V23, Page 83
(11) Alkafi: V1, Page 185
(12, 13) Mezan Alhekma: V1, Page 119
(14) Man La yahdoroho Alfaqeh by Sheikh Alsadoq: V4, Page 418
(15) Quran, Surat Al-Mā'idah, Verse 3 (5:3)
(16) Bihar Alanwar: V37, Page 189
(17, 18) Mezan Alhekma; V1, Page 114
(19) Alamali by Altusi: page 124
(20,21,22) Mezan Alhekma: V1, Page 114
(23) Quran, Surat Al-'A`rāf, Verses 33 (7:33)
(24) Mezan Alhekma: V1, Page 115
(25,26,27,28,29) Mezan Alhekma: V1, Page 115
(30) Surat Ash-Shūraá, Verse 23 (42:23)
(31) Surat Saba', Verse 47 (34:47)
(32) Surat Al-Furqān, Verse 57 (25:57)
(33,34,35,36,37,38,39) Mezan Alhekma: V1, Page 116
(40) Surat At-Taghābun, Verse 8 (64:8)
(41,42) Mezan Alhekma: V1, Page 116


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