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Peace be on Hussain, and on Ali son of Hussain, and on the children of Hussain, and on the friends of Hussain.
 Folders \ The 40th of Imam Hussain AS 

The 40th of Imam Hussain AS  Burying the heads on the 20th of Safar 
The text stated the arrival of Imam Zainul-Abdein Ali b. Alhussain (AS), with the heads to Karbala in a number of references (1). Rather there are many narration of Imamies (Shia Imami) stated the returning of the head of Imam Hussain (AS) to Karbala.
1. Sayed Amuqarram said, “ About the head of Imam Hussain (AS), many narrations stated on the coming of Imam Zainul-Abdein (AS) to Karbala with the holy head and buried it with the body (2)”.
2. Alfattal Alnesabori and Ibn Nema Alheli said , “ The holy head was buried with the body is what the Imamies depends on (3)”.
3. Altobresi said, “ Imamies believed on that – the head was buried with the body-(4)“
4. Sayed Al-sharif Almuratza said, “ the holy head was returned to the body in Karbala.(5)”
5. Sheikh Altosi has taken the retuning of the head to the body “ the beginning of Ziarat Arba’in(6)”.
6. Sayed Ibn tawos said, “ in the 20th of Safar the head of Imam Hussain (AS) was returned to his holy body (7)
7. Sayed Amuqarram stated, “ therefore, should not be bothered about everything narrated In contrast, and paece be upon Hajj Mahdi Alfaloji Alheli when he recited,
“ Do not seek after the head of Hussain, because it is not in secured areas or in a valley
Rather, the pureness of the loyalty will show you, that he is buried in the middle of my heart (8)”

 The sermon of Imam Zainul-Abdein Ali b. Alhussain (AS) in the brightening Medina after returning from Ziarat Arba’in 
When Imam Zainul-Abdein (‘a) reached the outskirts of Medina he halted and got his tent fixed and his aunts and sisters were also made to alight from their vehicles. Then he addressed Bashir Jazlam and said:
O Bashir! Your father (may Allah have mercy on him) was a poet. Are you also able to recite poetry?
I said: Yes, O son of the Holy Prophet! I am a poet.
The Imam: Go to Medina and announce the martyrdom of Abu Abdullah (‘a).
Bashir says: I rode a horse, and rushed to enter Medina. When I reached the Mosque of the Holy Prophet I raised my weeping voice and recited:
“O people of Medina! Now Medina is no more your place (worth living).
Husain has been killed making me weep all the time.
His bleeding body was left in Karbala
And his Holy head was moved from place to place on a spear.”
“All praise is for Allah, the Lord of the worlds, the Most Merciful and Most Beneficent. Allah is the Master of the Day of Judgment. He is the Creator of all creatures, the One Who is so far that his height surpasses the highest skies and He is also so near that even the noise of humming bee is not inaudible to Him. We praise Him over great affairs and over tragedies of time and over bitterness of scoldings and over crushing difficulties and hardships.
O people! Praise is for Allah Who testes us through heavy hardships and great calamities in Islam. They have martyred Abu Abdullah (‘a), his household and companions and imprisoned their wives and daughters. They have carried his Holy head on a spear from place to place and so this is a calamity unparalleled.
O People! Now who among you is such that will ever be joyful after this or who is able to stop tears rolling from the eye and who will be stingy in weeping?
Truly the seven heavens wept over his martyrdom, the oceans through the noise of their waves and sky with its pillars and the earth with its tracts and the trees with their branches and the fish in the depths of seas and all the angels near Allah and all in the heavens became tearful.
O people! Which heart is so hard that has not split by his martyrdom and which soul has not inclined towards him and which ear has not deafened after hearing this blow on Islam?
O People! We got up in the morning in such a condition that we were expelled and scattered and driven off away from cities and villages, as if we were Turks or Kabulis. And all this without any fault or mistake or any harm to Islam on our part. We have not heard such a thing in our predecessors. Such allegations are nothing but lies.
By Allah, if the Holy Prophet gives, instead of recommendation, an order for war, it would not result in more oppression than what we have undergone. Indeed we belong to Allah and to Him we shall return over such a terrible calamity, so troublesome, so cruel…We complain only to Allah. Verily He is Mighty and able to take revenge.(9)”

 Ziarat ceremony of the 40th of Imam Hussain AS 
Ziarat Al-Arba’in is one of the special ziarat (visiting ceremonies) of our master and lord, Imam Hussain AS. It is fear enough to show importance of this Ziarah, and it’s virtue to Allah, is to read what narrated from Imam Al-Askari (AS) about it.
Imam Hasan `Askari (AS) was quoted as saying, "A believer holds five characteristics: Saying 51 rak`ats of obligatory and recommended prayers within 24 hours, reciting the ziarat of al-Arba`in (the 40th), wearing ring in the right hand, putting one's forehead on earth when observing prostration, and saying "In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful" (bismillahir rahmanir rahim) loudly.(10) “

The manner of performing the ziarat of Imam Hussian (AS) is cited in Misbah al-Mutahajjid (11) and Tahdhib al-Ahkam(12) from Safwan b. Mahran: Safwan said that regarding the ziarat of Arba`in his master, Imam al-Sadiq (AS) had told him, "Perform the ziarat in the middle hour of the forenoon by reciting:" (the following is the ziarat of Arba’in)

“Peace be on the favorite of Allah, Peace be on the beloved friend of Allah, His distinguished hero! Peace be on the choicest confidant of Allah, sincerely attached precisely like his father! Peace be on Hussain, who gave his life in the way of Allah, a martyr, underwent untold hardships Peace be on the hostage surrounded by the-tightening circle of sorrow and grief, killed by a horde of savages.
O my Allah I give witness that beyond a shadow of doubt he is Thy favorite and choicest confidant, who enjoys Thy confidence and favor, precisely like his father!
Thou looked upto him and elected him in Thy cause, picked and chose him for the good fortune, selected for him the best purified parents, appointed him guardian, leader, and defender of rights, a true representative (inheritor and progenitor) of guardians, leaders and defenders of rights, gave him much and more from the inheritance of the Prophets, put him forward as a decisive argument, along with the other successors (of the Holy Prophet-the twelve lmams) to the mankind. He met with deadly dangers, acted justly and fairly, made use of everything belonging to him to pay full attention to give sincere advice, took pains, made every effort and put his heart, mind, soul and life at the disposal of Thy mission to liberate the people from the yoke of ignorance and evil of bewilderment, but an evildoer, deceived with empty hopes of mean and worthless worldly gains, had pressed heavily on him, and sold out his share (eternal bliss) for the meanest and lowest bargain, betrayed his "day of judgment" for a vulgar return, took pride in insolence, fell into the fathom- well of silly stupid follies, provoked Thee and Thy Prophet to anger, did as the harsh discordant, the hypocrite, the heavily burdened bearers of sin, condemned to Hellfire, advised to him, however, he (the Holy lmam), steadily, rightly and justly coped With them, till, in Thy obedience, gave his life after which his family was set adrift.

O my Allah, therefore, condemn them to hell as a denunciation and conviction; and crack-down on them with a painful Punishment. Peace be on you O the son of the Messenger of Allah! Peace be on you O the son of the first of the successors (of the Holy Prophet)! I bear witness that Allah put faith in you like He had full confidence in your father, and that you always looked for and collected good and virtue, lived a highly praiseworthy life and departed from this world a martyr, forsaken and abused; I bear witness that Allah will promptly fulfill the promise, He made to you, and destroy those who left you helpless and punish those who killed you; I bear witness that you kept your promise made with Allah, and strived in His way till what was certain came upon you, so curse of Allah be an those who killed you, curse of Allah be on those who oppressed you, curse of Allah be on the people who came to know and approved.

O my Allah be my witness that I make friends with those who love him and oppose those who deny him. I, my father and mother, are at your disposal 0 the son of the Messenger of Allah. I know and bear witness that you were "light" in the sublime loins and in the pure wombs, never touched you the dirt of ignorance, nor ever obscurity concealed you in its folds; I bear witness that you are the pillar of the religion support of the Muslims, refuge of the faithful; I bear witness that you are a truthful, well-aware, content, intelligent, rightly guided guide (Imam); I bear witness that the Imams among your descendants are the symbols of "conscious piety" and signs of "true guidance", the "safe handle"-Islam, and the decisive arguments over mankind; I declare positively that I have full faith in you and I know for certain that you shall return. I am, fully committed to the laws of my religion, certain of my deeds, my mind and heart ready for your return, and my affairs carried out in the light of your instructions, till Allah gives you permission, together with you, along with you, not at the same time with your enemies. Blessings of Allah be on you, on your souls, on your bodies when you are visible, when you are invisible, on your perceivable aspects, on your innermost genius be it so, Amen O’ Lord of the worlds.”


 References: 
1. Nafas Almahmom: Page 253./ Reiaz Alahzan: Page 155
2. Almaqtal: 382
3. Rawdat Alwa’ethen: Page 165/ Motheer Alahzan: Page 58
4. A’lam Alwara: Page 151
5. Manaqeb Ala-Abu Atelb AS by ibn Shahr-Ashob: V3, Page 231
6. Al’awalem by sheikh albahrani: Page 327
7. Eqbal Ala’mal: V3, Page 10
8. Almaqtal: Page 383
9. Allahof by ibn tawos: Page 116/ Albehar: V45, Page 148
10. Almazar by Almufeed: Page 54/ Alwasael; V3, Page 388
11. Almesbah: Page 778
12. Almazar by sheikh Almufeed: Page 53/ wasael Alshi’a by Al’ameli: V14, Page 478/ Eqbal Al A’mal by ibn Tawos: V3, Page 100/ reiaz Almasael by Altabtabaee: V3, Page 407/ Mustanad Alshi’a by Almohaqeq Alnaraqi: V5, Page 400


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