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Peace be on Hussain, and on Ali son of Hussain, and on the children of Hussain, and on the friends of Hussain.
 Folders \ Giving charity with a ring! 

Giving charity with a ring! The 24th of Thi Alhujja, was the day when the Commander of The Faithful AS Gave charity with a ring ,while he was praying.
Due to the importance of this anniversary, and the moral concepts included in, and its deep meanings, Allah the Almighty sent a verse about it, the Almighty said: (Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow. 5:55).

This verse contains number of evidences such as Wali(; prefect). Allah the almighty stated,” only Allah and his messenger” then He said,” and those who believe”. To avoid making -who believe- to be a general word, which may confuse readers because it may include every believer, the verse was specialized with number of restrictions which are,” those who keep up prayers, and pay the poor-rate while they bow”.
Those restrictions mentioned above, are clear evidences that the goal behind these verse is a specific person, and not general believers.

To know these special personality we should study interpretations and traditions to know the secret behind these verse, and who is the person who gave charity with a ring.

 Interpretation of the verse 
To understand the purpose behind this verse, we should return to the references, which interpreting Noble Quran to general Muslims.
Shiite Imami group, they unanimously agrees on this verse was sent about Ali b. Abu Taleb AS, and we will mention some of the texts from Shiite references.
The great numerous traditions of Shiite and Sunnis stated that the two verses were about the commander of the faithful Ali AS, when he pay poor rate of poor while he was praying. Therefore those two verses were individualized and not general.
The following narrations stating what been provided earlier.
In Albrahan, and Ghaiat Almaram, narrated Alsadoq, who narrated Abu Jarod said, Abu Ja’far Albaqir AS in about His Saying SWT (Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe) he AS said,” A group of Jews who converted to Islam, there were among them, Abdullah b. Sallam, Asad , Tha’labah, Ibn yameen, and ibn Soria, came to the prophet SAWA and said,“ O Prophet of Allah, Muses passed the leadership to Yosha’ b. Noon after him, so who is the guardian after you o Messenger of Allah, Who is our commander after you?” Then this verse was sent from heaven , (Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow.)
Messenger of Allah said,” Rise up!” and they arose and went to the mosque. Some people were standing in prayer while others were bowing. He saw a beggar in the mosque and he asked him: ‘Did you get something from anyone?’ The beggar replied: ‘Yes, I got a ring of gold’. The Prophet asked him: ‘Who gave it to you?’ The beggar said: ‘That person who is standing in prayer’, and he pointed to ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib. The Prophet asked him again: ‘In which position did he give it to you?’ The beggar said: ‘He gave it to me while bowing in prayer’. The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, said ‘Allah is the greatest!’, and also those who were in the mosque.
Then the prophet SAWA said,” Ali is your commander after me”.

They said,” We accepted Allah AS our god, Mohamed as our prophet, and Ali b. Abu Taleb as a commander” then Allah SWT revealed this verse (And whoever takes Allah and His messenger and those who believe for a guardian, then surely the party of Allah are they that shall be triumphant.5:56)
In Tafseer Alqumi, he said, Safwan said, Aban b. Othman said, Abu Hamza Althomali said, Abu Ja’far Albaqir AS said,” While Messenger of Allah was sitting with a group of Jews including Abdullah b. Salam, this verse was revealed.”
Also, in Tafseer Alamthal and other interpretation books of Shiite which stated this verse was revealed about Ali AS when he gave his ring to the poor man.
In the other hand, when we search the school of Sunnis, for the interpretation of this verse, we will find out the following evidences:
-The author of Tafseer Altabari stated in the interpretation of Surat Almaedah:
Explaining the interpretation of The Almighty saying,” Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow.” The people of interpretation were differed about who was meant in this verse. Some people said He meant Ali b. Abu Taleb, and some said He meant all the faithful (1)”
Then he stated: Told us, Mohamed b. Alhussain said, Ahmed b. Almofathal said, Asbat narrated Alsadi said,” then told about who will be after him. Then he SAWA said ‘ Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow.’ They were all the faithful, but a beggar passed by Ali b. Abu Taleb while he was bowing in the mosque, and he gave him his ring”
-Honad b. Seri said, ‘Abdah told us that Abdul Malek narrated Abu Ja’far. He said’ I asked him about this verse (Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow.)
I said: who are those who believe?
He said: Those who believe!
We said: we were told that it was revealed about Ali b. Abu Taleb!
He said: Ali was among those who believe.
- Ibn Wake’ said, Almoharabi told us, Abdul Malek said’ I asked Abu Ja’far about Allah saying ” Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger...” then he mentioned the same tradition of Honad.
Abdah said,”Ismaeil b. Israel Alrameli said, Ayob b. Sowaid said,’ ‘Otbah b. Abu Hakim said about this verse (Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe…) he said,” Ali b. Abu Taleb AS.” (2)
Ibn Abu hatim stated: Alrabe’ b. Solaiman Almoradi said, Ayob b. Sowaid said, ‘Otbah b. Abu Hakim about the verse: (Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe…) he said,” Ali b. Abu Taleb AS.”
Abo Sa’eed Alashaj said, Alfathel b. Dakeen said Abu Na’eem Alahwal said, Musa b. Qais Alhathrami said, Salmah b. Kaheel said,” Ali gave his ring as an alms while he was bowing, then the verse was revealed, (Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow.)
Ibn Jareer said: Alhareth told me, that Abdul ‘Azez told us, that Ghalib b. Abdullah said,” I heard Mojahed saying about His verse, (Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger).. Tt was revealed about all the faithful, and Ali b. Abu Taleb was the first one of them.
Also, Ibn Jareer saidL Honad told us that ‘Obdah Narrated Abdul Malek said, Abu Ja’far said,” I asked him about this verse (Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow.) we said,” Who are those who believe?” he said ;” Those who believe! We were told that it was revealed about Ali b. Abu Taleb” he said,” Ali is one of those who believe”.

Asbat said, Alsaddi said,” This verse revealed about all those who believe, but a beggar passed by Ali b. Abu Taleb, while he was bowing in the mosque, and he gave him his ring”
Alhaekm Alhaskani said, Ibn ‘Abas said,” One day, Messenger of Allah prayed (Thohr) and left with his companions but Ali stayed in the mosque praying between Althohar and ‘Asr (nafelah).
Then a Muslim poor man entered. He did not find anyone in the mosque but Ali. He went to Ali and said,” O Wali of Allah! By the n who you pray to, give me whatever you could give to me” he used to have a ring made from red ‘Aqeeq Yemani -Yemeni garnet- he was wearing it in his right hand while praying. He lengthen his hand, putted it on his back, and pointed to the beggar to put it out. Then he putted it out, prayed for him, and left.

After that, Gabriel was sent down. Then the prophet SAWA said to Ali,” indeed, Allah was boasted of you front of the angels today. Then he read (Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow.)(3)

This tradition was mentioned in a number of Sunni references e.g. Alqortobi in his interpretation, Alsaioti in Aldor Almanthor,Altabarani in Mo’jam Alawsat and Alkabeer, and Tafseer Abu Hatim also, who said in the interpretation of this verse that it was revealed about Ali b. Abu Taleb AS.
Peace be upon him the day he was born, the day he was martyred, and the day when he return alive.

 References: 
1. Tafseer Altabari: V10, page 425
2.Tafseer ibn Katheer: V3
3. Shawahed Altanzeel by Alhakim Alhaskani: V1, Page 212


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