Articles \ May Allah aggrandise your requite in the anniversary of Imam Musa Al-kadhim’s (A.S) death
By Mohmmad Baqir Jamal Eddine
The trustee of Islam Sheikh Abu Ali Alfadl bin Al-Hassan Al-Tabrasi
in the second part of his book (E’alam Al-Wara) says: “he (the Imam A.S) was
born in Abwa’a –a village between Mecca and Madina- on the 7th of Safar in year
128 Hijri. And he died in the Al-Sindy Bin Shahik’s prison in Baghdad on the
25th of Rajab in year 183 Hijri, at the age of 55 years.
His mother is Named: the Berber Hamida, she is also named: the purified Hamida.
Nicknamed: ‘Abu Al-Hassan the 1st’, and ‘Abu Ibrahim’, and ‘Abu Ali’, and known
as ‘the Good Slave’, and ‘Al-Khadhim (the suppressor of anger)’.
The length of his Imam-hood was 35 years, he started his Imam duty at the age of
20, those days were the remainder of the Abu-Ja’far Al-Mansur (the victorious)
kingdom, and then it was his son Al-Mahdi (the rightly guided) for 10 years and
1 month, and then it was his son Musa bin Muhammad Al-Hadi (the guide) for 1
year and 1 month, then it was Haroon bin Muhammad nicknamed Al-Rasheed (The
judicious), the Imam Al-Kadhim (A.S) martyrdom happened 15 years into his
(Haroon) kingdom poisoned in the Al-Sindy bin Shahik’s Prison, and he was buried
in the city of Al-Salam (peace) in the cemetery known as the Quraish graveyard.
Some of his peculiarities and Miracles (A.S):
Al-Rafi’i said: I had a cousin named Al-Hassan bin Abdullah, he was ascetic and
he was the most subjugate among the people of his time, the sovereign was wary
of him due to his seriousness in his faith and his jurisprudence. He entered the
mosque one day and Imam Al-Khadhim (A.S) was in it, He said the Imam beckoned
him thus he went to him and the Imam said to him “O’Abu Ali, how much do I love
what you are into?! And how happy has it made me?! Except that you lack
erudition, thus you should seek erudition”.
He said: and what is erudition?
The imam said: “go and learn and seek Hadeeth (sayings of the infallible)”
He asked: from whom?
The imam said: “from the clerics of Madina”.
He then said that the imam stopped speaking to him, thus he went and studied and
then returned and read out what he learnt, the imam dropped it all and then said
“go and erudite”, and his faith was what was being targeted.
Al-Hassan then continued to over sight him until the imam came out to a hamlet
of his and saw him on the way and then said to him: I will expostulate against
you between the hands of the Great and Almighty Allah, thus guide me to what I
Thus the Imam told him about the Prince of the Faithful and his right, and about
imam Al-Hassan and Al-Hussein, and Ali bin Al-Hussein and Muhammad bin Ali and
Ja’far bin Muhammad (peace upon them all), then he was silent.
Al-Hassan said to him: thus who is the imam today?
The imam said: “if I told you would you accept?”
Al-Hassan replied: yes.
The imam said: “I am him”.
Al-Hassan asked: perhaps a proof for me?
The imam said: “go to that tree”, he pointed at some umbrella thorn acacia
trees, “and tell it that Musa bin Ja’far tells you to come”
Al-Hassan says: I approached it, and by Allah! I saw it grooving the ground!
Until it stood between his hands, then he signalled to it to return, thus it
Al-Hassan accepted and abided silence and worship, and was not seen talking
(Alkafi 1:286/8, Basa’r Al-Darajat 6/274, Al-Ershad by Al-Mufeed 2/223,
Al-Thaqib fi Al-Manaqib 393/455)
Also Abdullah bin Sinan says: Ali bin Yaqteen was once honoured with clothes by
Al-Rasheed, among those clothes was an outer garment worn by kings made weighty
with gold. Ali bin Yaqteen took those clothes along with the Khoms (one-fifth of
certain items which a person acquires as wealth) to Imam Musa Al-Kadhim (A.S),
upon their arrival to the imam (A.S) the imam accepted the money and the clothes
but returned the outer garment with the hand of another messenger to Ali bin
Yaqteen and wrote to Ali “keep it, and do not give it away, there will be a
matter where you will require it.”. Ali bin Yaqteen felt sceptical about
resending it and did not know the cause.
Few days later Ali bin Yaqteen had troubles with one of his special servants
thus he discharged him. The servant slandered to Al-Rasheed and told him that
Ali bin Yaqteen takes Musa bin Ja’far for an imam and he carries one fifth of
his finance to him every year, and he also sent the outer garment to him.
Al-Rasheed flared up with rage and said: “I shall expose him!”. He then summoned
Ali bin Yaqteen, upon his arrival Al-Rasheed asked him “what have you done with
the outer garment that I have sent you?!”, Ali said “it is in a perfumed sealed
scuttle , I have taken care of it. Every morning I would open the scuttle and
look at it for blessing and kiss it and return it to its place. I would do the
same every night”. Al-Rasheed said “bring it this hour!”. Ali replied “yes” he
then summoned some of his servants and said to them “ go to my house and open
the box and bring me the scuttle with its seal”, after a short while the servant
returned with the scuttle sealed and placed it between Al-Rasheed’s hands.
Al-Rasheed then unlocked the seal and looked at the outer garment rolled and
buried in redolence. His anger was relieved and said “return it to its place,
and leave rightly; I shall never believe those who slander against you.” He then
ordered for an extolled reward for him to be awarded with. The slanderer was
then taken to be punished by a thousand whips, he was whipped five hundred times
(Al-Ershad by Al-Mufeed 2/225, Al-Manaqib by Ibn ShahrAshub 4/289, Al-Fusul
Eshaq bin Ammar says: I was at Imam Al-Kadhim’s place, and a man entered, The
Imam said to him “you will die in one month”. I concealed a thought about him
knowing the life spans of the Shias. He then said to me: “O’Eshaq! Which part of
that do you deny? Rushaid Al-Hajary was deemed weak and he knew the knowledge of
deaths and the imam is more deserving”. Then he said “O’Eshaq! You will die in
two years your money will disperse and your family, children, and household will
scatter and they will become very bankrupt.
The narrator says: it went as the Imam said.
(Basa’r Al-Darajat 285/14, Alkafi 1:404, Al-Manaqib by Ibn ShahrAshub 4:287,
Al-Thaqib Fi Al-Manaqib 366/343)
Imam Musa Al-Kadhim (A.S) was famous for being the most exulted among the sons
of Imam Ja’far Al-Sadiq (A.S), and had the most supreme place in faith, and had
most bountiful hands, and had the most eloquent tongue, and was the most
worshipping, and knowledgeable and generous among the people of his time.
It was narrated that he used to connect his night supererogatory prayer with
Morning Prayer, then he would do the ‘Ta’qeeb’ until sunrise, then he would fall
to prostrate and not raise his from his prayer and his praise until noontide.
During the prostration he says “the ugly sin is from your slave, then let the
beauty of pardon and waiver be from you”.
One of his prayers (A.S) was: “O’Allah I ask you for rest at death, and pardon
at reckoning”. And he would cry out of fear from Allah until his beard is wet
with tears. And he used to visit the poor of Madina and carry gold and silver to
them at night without them knowing who he was.
(Al-Ershad by Al-Mufeed 2:231, Kashf Al-Ghummah 2:228)
It was also narrated that a man who was a descendant of Omar bin Al-Khattab was
in the Madina troubling Abu Al-Hassan Musa Al-Kadhim (A.S), and swearing at Ali
bin Abi-Talib (A.S). Then some of the imam cortege said “let us kill this man”,
but the imam forbid them severely.
The imam then asked about the Omari man and he was told that he is planting in
one of Al-Madina’s districts. Thus the imam rode to him, and found him in his
farm, the imam entered the farm on his donkey.
The Omari man shouted “do not tread our plants!”. The imam treated over the
plants with his donkey until he got to him, he came down and sat by him and
spoke to him kindly and made him laugh. The imam then asked him “how much were
you fined for your plants?”, the Omari man replied “one hundred dinars”.
The imam asked “and how much do you hope to make?”, the Omari man replied “I do
not know the unseen”, the Imam clarified “I said: how much are you hoping to
make?”, the Omari man replied “I hope to get two hundred dinars in return”.
The Imam then took out a purse containing three hundred dinars and gave it to
him, and said “leave the plants as they are, and May Allah give you whatever you
wish for in return for them”, the Omari man then stood and kissed the imam’s
head and asked for his forgiveness. The imam (A.S) smiled and left.
Later the Imam went to mosque and saw the Omari man sitting thus when he looked
at him he said: “Allah knows best where to place his message!” a group of his
companions gathered around him and questioned him “what is your story?!You
always said something different!!”, he replied “you heard what I said now” and
then he started praying for the imam (A.S) and his companions became enemies.
Thus when the imam (A.S) returned to his house and he said to those who asked
his permission to kill the Omari man: “which was better, what I wanted or what
(Al-Ershad by Al-Mufeed 2:233, Al-Manaqib by Ibn ShahrAshub 4:319, Kashf
The narrators mentioned that the imam (A.S) used to give purse containing two to
three hundred dinars, and the purses of Musa Al-Kadhim (A.S) were a famous
(Al-Ershad by Al-Mufeed 2:234, Al-Manaqib by Ibn ShahrAshub 4:318, Kashf
Imam Musa Al-Kadhim’s death and its causes:
In the second part of his book E’alam Al-Wara the trustee of Islam Al-Tabrasi
mentions the causes of Imam Al-Kadhim’s death. He says “they mentioned that
Al-Rasheed arrested him (the imam A.S) when he came to the Madina on his way
back from Hajj. The Rasheed confined him and summoned for two domes and placed
each one on different mules, and the mules were sent along with a group of
horses. The horses then parted ways one group headed toward Kufa and the other
toward Basra thus the mules also parted ways. The imam was under the dome that
was heading toward Basra. (Al-Rasheed took these measures to cause
misinformation), Al-Rasheed ordered for to imam to be taken to E’sa bin Ja’far
bin Al-Mansur, thus he imprisoned him for a year, then Al-Rasheed wrote to him
for his blood, E’sa asked to be pardoned. Al-Rasheed then ordered for the Imam
to be taken to Baghdad, and thus he was handed to Al-Fadhl bin Rabee’ and he
stayed there for a long time (peace upon him), then the Rasheed needed him for
one of his matters but the Imam (A.S) refused, thus the Rasheed ordered for the
Imam to be taken to Al-Fadhl bin Yahiya and he placed him in one of his homes
under surveillance, thus the imam was busy in worship, he would revive the
entire night with prayer and Quran recite, and fast most of his days, and does
not turn his face away from his prayer niche, thus Al-Fadhl bin Yahiya gave him
more liberty and awarded him.
The news reached Al-Rasheed while he was at Raqqa, thus he wrote to Al-Fadhl
ordering him to kill the Imam. Al-Fadhl refrained from doing so, thus Al-Rasheed
was enraged and changed his treatment and ordered for Al-Fadhl to be taken to
Al-Abbas bin Muhammad, where he was whipped a hundred times. And he ordered for
the Imam (A.S) to be taken to the Al-Sindy Bin Shahik. When the news reached
Yahiya bin Khalid he rode to Al-Rasheed and said to him: “I will sponsor the
execution of your order”, then he exited to Baghdad and summoned Al-Sindy and
ordered him with his (Al-Rasheed’s) order, Al-Sindy obeyed and poisoned the Imam
via the food that he presented to him. It is said that Al-Sindy placed the
poison in ripe dates, the Imam ate from them and was in pain for three days and
died in the third day.
At his martyrdom (Allah’s peace and prayers upon him) Al-Sindy brought a group
of clerics and those with notability from Baghdad to the Imam’s cell, among them
was Al-Haytham bin Odai, they looked at the Imam and saw no sign of injury or
strangle. Al-Sindy took the Imam’s body and place it on a bridge in Baghdad, he
then gave orders to Yahiya bin Khalid to shout: “This is Musa bin Ja’far the one
whom the Rafidha claim to be immortal, he is dead so look at him”, people then
gathered looking at the Imam’s face, then he was carried and buried in the
burial grounds of Quraish.
(more references: O’yun Akhbar Al-Rida 1:85, Al-Ershad by Al-Mufeed 2:239,
Al-Ghayba by Al-Tousi 28, Al-Manaqib by Ibn ShahrAshub 4:327)
Proofs of the Abbasy maltreatment towards the Imam (A.S) from the books of
Al-A’alam by Al-Zarkali (7/321):
Musa Al-Kadhim (128-183 Hijri), Musa bin Ja’far Al-Sadiq bin Muhammad Al-Baqir.
Abu Al-Hassan: the seventh of the twelve imams according to the Emami sect.
He was one of the masters among the sons of Hashim, and the most worshipping
among the people of his time, and one of the biggest munificent clerics. He was
born in Abwa’a (near the Madina) and lived in the Madina, he was brought to
Baghdad by the Al-Mahdi Al-Abbasy, and then he returned him to Madina.
Al-Rasheed was notified that people were pledging allegiance to Al-Kadhim, thus
when he went to hajj he went through Madina (year 179 Hijri) and took him with
him to Basra and imprisoned him near its sovereign E’sa bin Ja’far for one year,
then he transferred him to Baghdad and died a prisoner. It was said that he was
Man Lahu Riwayah Fi Al-Kutub Al-Sittah by Al-Thahabi (2/303): Musa Al-kadhim bin
Ja’afar bin Muhammad Al-Alawi…Abu Hatim said: Trustworthy, An imam died in the
prison of Al-Rasheed born in 128 Hijri and died 183 Hijri.
Al-Esami in Samat Al-Nujum Al-Awali (2/172): some of the seditions that took
place during their time (referring to the Abbassies): the war of the people of
Madina, the killing of Muhammad of the pure soul… the killing of his brother
Ibrahim bin Abdullah, and the imprisonment of their father Abdullah the sheer,
and the death of Imam Musa Al-Kadhim in prison through poisoning in the time of
Ibn Khillican in Wafiyat Al-A’ayan (5/309): He (imam Al-Kadhim) stayed in the
Madina until the days of Haroon Al-Rasheed, upon Haroon’s return from minor Hajj
in year 179 Hijri he carried Musa with him to Baghdad and imprisoned him their
until he died in his in prison.
Ibn Al-Jawzi in Sifat Al-Safwa (1/218): Muhammad bin Ismail says: Musa bin
Ja’far sent a message to Al-Rasheed from prison, him message was “not a single
day of ordeal will elapse upon me without a day of welfare elapsing upon you,
until we elapse our days to a day that does not elapse wherein the nullifiers
Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi in Tareekh Baghdad (5/463): Musa bin Ja’far…Abu Al-Hassan
Al-Hashimi. It is said that he was born in the Madina in year 128 Hijri, he was
taken to Baghdad by Al-Mahdi then returned to the Madina and settled there until
the days of Al-Rasheed, when Haroon came on his leave from minor hajj of Ramadan
in year 179 Hijri he carried Musa with him to Baghdad and imprisoned him there
until he died in his prison.
Abu Al-Fidaa in Al-Mukhtasar (1/157-158): then the year 183 Hijri entered , and
in it died Musa Al-Kadhim bin Ja’afar Al-Sadiq bin Muhammad Al-Baqir bin Ali
Zane-Al-Abideen bin Al-Hussein bin Ali bin Abi Talib in Baghdad inside the
prison of Al-Rasheed. And he had him imprisoned by Al-Sindy Bin Shahik.
Al-Sindy’s sister took responsibility for his service. And she said about Musa:
when he prayed the evening he would praise Allah and glorify him until midnight,
then he stands to pray until dawn, thus he prays the Morning Prayer and then he
would extol Allah until sunrise, then he would sit until morning, then he would
sleep and wake up before noontide, then he would redo his ablution and pray
until he prays the afternoon prayer, then he would extol Allah until he prays
the sunset prayer, then he would pray between sunset and evening, this was his
daily habit until he died, and he was known as Al-Kadhim (the suppressor of
rage) due to his kindness towards those who abuse him.
Ibn Taymiya in Minhaj Al-Sunnah (4/55-56): Musa bin Ja’far, Abu Hatim says about
him “trustworthy, truthful and an imam among the Muslims imams”. I (Ibn Taimiya)
said: Musa was born in Madina in year 120 and some years, Al-Mahdi brought him
to Baghdad and then returned him to Madina, and he settled in it until the days
of Haroon Al-Rasheed, were Haroon returned from minor hajj and carried Musa with
him to Baghdad and imprisoned him there until he died in his prison.
Ibn Hajr Al-Haytami in Al-Sawaiq Al-Muh’riqa (2/591-592): and when Al-Rasheed
went to Hajj he (the Imam A.S) was slandered to him and he was told that the
finance is carried to him from every side until he bought a village with thirty
thousand dinars. Thus he arrested him and sent him to his sovereign in Basra
E’sa bin Ja’afar bin Mansur where he imprisoned him for a year, then Haroon
wrote to him ordering his execution, but E’sa asked to be pardoned….and when the
news reached Al-Rasheed he wrote to Al-Sindy to collect him and gave Al-Sindy
his order, thus Al-Sindy placed poison in his food and its said in ripe dates,
thus he became indisposed and died after three days at the age of 65 years.
Ibn Emad Al-Hanbali in Shatharat Al-Thahab (1/304-305): and it (year 183 Hijri)
died the lofty master Abu Al-Hassan Musa Al-Kadhim bin Ja’afar Al-Sadiq, and the
father of Ali bin Musa Al-Rida, born in year 128 Hijri.
Abu Hamid says: he is trustworthy and an imam from the Muslims imams.
Others said: he was a good worshipper, munificent, meek, of great value, he was
once mistreated by a man and he (Imam Musa A.S) left him and gave him thirty
thousand dinars. And he is one of the infallible twelve imams according to the
He lived in Madina, and was brought to Baghdad by Al-Mahdi and was imprisoned,
thus Al-Mahdi saw in his sleep Ali may Allah dignify his face telling him:
“O’Muhammad! ‘Then, is it to be expected of you, if ye were put in authority,
that ye will do mischief in the land, and break your ties of kith and kin?’”.
Thus he released him under the condition that he doesn’t rebel against him and
his children, and he gave him tree thousand dinars and returned him to Madina.
Then he was imprisoned by Haroon in his government and died in his prison.
Al-Sha’arany in Lawafih’ Al-Anwar first chapter: Musa bin Ja’far may Allah be
pleased with him was born year 128 Hijri, and was brought by Al-Mahdi to Iraq,
and then returned him to Madina, thus he settled there until the days of
Al-Rasheed, and when Al-Rasheed went to Madina he carried him with him and
imprisoned him in Baghdad until he died poisoned in it, may Allah be pleased
with him….and his grave is famous.