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Peace be on Hussain, and on Ali son of Hussain, and on the children of Hussain, and on the friends of Hussain.
By Jerrmein Abu Shahba

Surat Al Kawthar is one of the shortest chapter in the Holy Quran, yet it is one of the most richest which carries a fountain of knowledge for those who seek to extract its deeper meaning and wisdom. The interpreters of the Quran in the different schools of thought in Islam have intentionally presented a multitude of opinions regarding the identity of Kawthar to distance this virtue from its true owner, the Lady of Light. The general context of this Surah conveys the meaning of Kawthar to refer to abundance in progeny and posterity. We find a wide array of ideas and key points in this presented in this Surahand they are all derived from one spring. It all points to the meaning that Kawthar refers to the “abundant good” which has no limit as mentioned in the first verse, “We have given you Kawthar.” [108:1]

And the specific application of Kawthar is manifested in the holy being of Seyyida Fatima Al Zahra, the purified daughter of Prophet Muhammad (SA). Sure enough, the progeny of the Prophet comes only from Fatima and she is the mother of the Masomeen Imams (AS). To have something in abundance is not necessarily a thing that is sought for; however, abundance is desired only when the object is nothing but pure “good”. If we search all of history across the globe, we will not find a better example of “good” manifested in any person other than Seyyida Zahra (AS) and her progeny.

This profound Surah which has been gifted to the Holy Prophet (SA) ends with the verse, “Surely your enemy is the one who shall be without posterity.” [108:3] It is important to realize that the introductory and concluding verse of this Surah are related to each other and this last verse reveals the identity of Kawthar which has been gifted to the Prophet (SA). When the Holy Prophet's son, Tahir, born to Khadijah al Kubra passed away, Amr bin As and Hakam bin As taunted the Holy Prophet by calling him abtar (tail-less), whose progeny has been cut off. This Surah was revealed to give glad tidings to the Holy Prophet that abundance of unbounded grace, wisdom and knowledge, mercy and goodness, spiritual power and insight, in highest degrees, and of progeny has been given to him. Mir Pooya says in his Quranic commentary that this chapter guarantees abundance in every type of growth and profit to the Holy Prophet. The reality of this “abundance” cannot be encompassed or fathomed nor can it be given its most due right. It is a sincere grant from Allah (SWT) to his beloved and chosen Prophet Muhammad (SA). This should not be a surprise to us because after all, Allah (SWT) had previously stated in [93:5] “And soon will your Lord give you so that you shall be well pleased.”

It is important to make a distinction here between the words of a creation and that of the Almighty Creator. When a creature says that “he will give” it is not the same as when the Creator says “I will give.” The divine bestowal is much greater than our minds can encompass! So when Allah (SWT) announces to His beloved Prophet (SA) that He will give him such that he will be pleased, then surely we can expect that divine grant to be something that is not materialistic or temporal or related to the mundane world. It is something that exceeds the boundaries of this life and existence! Upon hearing this verse, we as Muslims should anticipate and follow the pure autobiography of the Prophet (SA) to discover what is that great “Grant” which Muhammad receives from Allah (SWT). We can imagine that the Prophet (SA) himself awaits anxiously to receive this divine gift which will make him ever pleased with his Lord. The answer to this question is answered in Surat Al Kawthar when Allah (SWT) announces to the Prophet (SA) in front of everyone that “We have given you Kawthar.” [108:1]

In some degree or another, according to the grade of their submission, all the believing men and women receive some portion from the "abundance" given to the Holy Prophet, therefore they are commanded to pray Salat regularly and sacrifice whatever they have in the cause of Allah whenever necessary, as indicated in verse 2 of this Surah, “Therefore pray to your Lord and make a sacrifice”. If we analyze the two verbs of this verse, we will realize a deeper meaning implied than merely praying or giving up the materials of this world. Rather, according to some exegetists, to perform “Salah” in the context of this verse means to recite Salawat (Allahuma Sali a’la Muhammad wa Aali Muhammad) as an expression of Muwaddah (reciprocal devotion) to the AhlulBayt (AS). And the biggest sacrifice that was offered in gratitude of the grant of "abundance" was the sacrifice of Imam Husain (AS) in Karbala, as described in the words “dhibhen adheem” (the great slaughter) [37:107]. The Holy Prophet and his AhlulBayt (AS) demonstrated the highest standard of devotion in prayers and in giving everything they had in the cause of Allah (SWT).

At the same time, it is implied in the last verse of this Surah that those who go against the Prophet (SA) and hurt him or deny the treasure of Kawthar personified in the immaculate character of Fatima, their progeny is cut off and is non-existent in Allah’s eyes, even if it exists physically.

Surely it is not a coincidence that we spend the months of Rabi Awwal and Thani commemorating the birth of the Holy Prophet (SA) and appreciating his pure autobiography to the point of realizing how much divine reward he deserves. Then we embark on the months of Jamad Awwal and Thani to appreciate the bestowal of Kawthar as the divine gift to the Holy Prophet (SA) which is manifested in his daughter, the Master Lady of the Universe! It is not possible to value Kawthar without valuing Fatima (AS), and one cannot appreciate Fatima without appreciating her father (SA).

Allah (SWT) has granted Muhammad (SA) many gifts including knowledge, clemency, prophethood, courage, eloquence, and love in the hearts of believers. However, the most significant and valuable gifts which Allah (SWT) gave to him is Fatima, the apple of his eyes.

Fatima is the one who preserved the light of prophethood and she became the extension to the message of Islam via her sons – the Infallible Imams who kept the message on track according to the Sunnah of the Prophet (SA). And they sacrificed themselves in this path of truth, justice, and liberty. Fatima (AS) left behind a great legacy which is passed on by her sons and grandsons who represent the closest and shortest route towards divine proximity.

Do you know when Allah (SWT) presented Fatima to His Prophet? According to Sheikh Muhajir in his book Volume 1 of “Know that I am Fatima”, this divine bestowal was granted in his loins in the most highest point of this universe as indicated in this verse, [53:14-16]: Near the Lote-tree beyond which none may pass. Near it is the Garden of Abode. When that which covers covered the lote-tree. The eye did not turn aside, nor did it exceed the limit. It was in that very high position that the sperm-drop was formed by Allah’s will. In fact, let us hear the words of the Prophet (SA) himself in the event of Mi’raj where he describes how Fatima was gifted to him, “When I experienced Mi’raj to the heavens, Jibrael took my hands and made me enter Paradise and gave me some dates which I ate. That food converted into a sperm-drop in my loins. So when I descended to earth and united with Khadijah, she became pregnant with Fatima. Fatima is a human houri; whenever I yearned for the scent of Paradise, I smelled the fragrance of my daughter Fatima.”

This extraordinary event urges us to reflect on this unique virtue of Lady Fatima who is the only human being whose origin was created from light of the best of creation Prophet Muhammad which was mixed with the clay or fruit of Paradise in the most holiest of places where even Archangel Jibrael is not permitted to cross! Surely the fruit of this unity must yield something or someone really great in the eyes of Allah (SWT) such that according to the Infallible Imams, Fatima is the Hujjah (proof) over the Imams themselves (AS)! Her origins was initiated at the highest abode which clearly implies that her status is also at a very high stage. From here we begin to understand the secret behind the Prophet’s extraordinary care towards Fatima as he used to rise from his seat out of respect to her, he would embrace her hands and say, “Welcome to the mother of her father!” In light of the fact that she was created from the clay of Paradise, it is no wonder then that the Prophet (SA) comments that when he yearns for Paradise, he smells the fragrance of Fatima! The association of Fatima with Paradise further proofs to us that whoever yearns the pleasure of Paradise should please Fatima, love her, and become an obedient servant who follows her path and that of her purified sons! After all, if the Prophet himself yearns Paradise through his daughter, then surely we should also seek salvation via Fatima – the manifestation of Kawthar!

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